Growing Endive

Cichorium endivia : Asteraceae / the daisy family

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
    P P         P P    

(Best months for growing Endive in New Zealand - cool/mountain regions)

  • P = Sow seed
  • Easy to grow. Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 59°F and 77°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 8 - 12 inches apart
  • Harvest in 10-11 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): beans, brassicas, carrots, cucumbers, chervil, sage.
  • Avoid growing close to: Alliums (garlic and onions)
  • French endive ready for harvest

This is a green leafy plant which looks a bit like a crinkly lettuce. Slightly bitter taste which can enhance a salad bowl but if this is not wanted the bitterness can be removed by blanching. Blanch by tying the leaves together when a rosette begins to form or cover with a large pot for about 3 weeks. Relative of chicory.

Best grown in cooler months as hot weather might make it bolt to flower. Keep well watered to reduce bitterness. Water at base as water trapped inside leaves will cause rot.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Endive

Very tasty topped with grated swiss cheese and grilled for a couple of minutes to crisp up the cheese and wilt the leaves.

Can use in salads additional to lettuce, but needs a flavoursome dressing if you aren't overly fond of bitterness.

Your comments and tips

18 Jul 23, Flourez dominique (Australia - temperate climate)
Bonjour les amis , je suis retraité , né à Camphin en pevèle en France .Un habitant de mon village aécrit un livre du notre village ! Les villageois cutivaient cette plante , je peux vous transmettre , cet écrit ,avec de nombreuses photos ancienne ! J'étais aussi agriculteur , j'ai aussi produit les endives 4 ou 5 ans ! C'est très simple , " mais " sous le mot ENDIVE ou CHICOREE , il y a différentes variétés , ! Celles qui subissent un forçage ( depuis la racine , cultivée en terre dans la plaine , celle-ci est récoltée après au minimum 4 mois - maximum 8 mois ) pui , les racines sont stockées , les feuilles coupées en laissant un collet de 1 à 2 cm , reposée 15 jours à 3 semaines , pour etre disposée dans des silos de forçage ou couhe , ces endives reprennent des radicelles , recouverte de 2 à 4 cm de terre ! (c'est en fait une protection du froid , de la lumière .Le forçage peut à toutinstant commencer , des tuyauteries sont posée , depuis une chaudière à charbon qui elvoie l'eau chaude par les tuyauteries latérales , et retourne à la chaudière par un retour cental , L' endiviers posaient de la paille et des fims plastique pour garder la chaleur et l'humidité constante ! ..."Dans le village , pendant les hivers , il y avait 20 , 40 petites chadières au charbon qui forçaient les endives " Attetion , les endives forcées dans la terre sont bie meilleures que celles forcées en hydroponie...Rien à voir , les premières conservent en salade dans votre cave , couverte de parpier ' bleu foncé ' pendant 1 mois '...Toutes mes amicales pensées à Richard Collins , de " ENDIVES CALIFORNIA " venu chez nous pour une période de formation à la ferme de luchin je suis trop bavard , l'amitié , c'est la Vie Bientot , j'entre dans un jardin partagé , 40 personnes pour une vie nouvelle à réussir ensemble Amitiés Domionique
19 Jun 23, Patty (USA - Zone 9b climate)
I am in zone 9B, Southern California. Is it too late to plant?
21 Jun 23, (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Best to wait until September to plant
04 Feb 23, Garry (New Zealand - temperate climate)
Really nice in boil ups like puha
11 Mar 21, Ray Spinney (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Where can one buy seeds for Endives
08 Jul 18, Jane (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Thnx for the great info on Endives. I didn't know what the endive looked like. I sowed some seed in containers and might plant them out tomorrow so it's great to see their compatability and what they look like. Cheers, Jane
22 Jan 18, Steve Williams (Australia - tropical climate)
I used to live in Sydney and greww Endive very easily, now i live in Cairns and cannot for the life of me get any up and running ? Nor can i buy it from anywhere , even Bunnings , Any info please ? ? Thanks Steve.
23 Jan 18, Mike (Australia - tropical climate)
It says plant April to July in the tropics. Try Eden seeds on the internet for the seeds of Endives.
06 Aug 14, Mario (Canada - Zone 2b Sub-Arctic climate)
I have grown chicory, endive and radicchio very sucessfully in NW Ontario. My problem is I can not locate a source to purchase seeds for various kinds of them. Are you aware of a company which meets my request but can be purchased on line. I have gone on line but the companies only provide very limited varieties.
09 Jun 14, daniel muchiri from kenya (Australia - temperate climate)
is endive grown in kenya?
Showing 1 - 10 of 17 comments

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. GardenGrow is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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