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Growing Cabbage

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
  S S T T     S S T T  

(Best months for growing Cabbage in New Zealand - cool/mountain regions)

S = Plant undercover in seed trays T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings

  • Easy to grow. Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 41°F and 64°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 20 - 30 inches apart
  • Harvest in 11-15 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Dwarf (bush) beans, beets, celery, cucumber, onions, marigold, nasturtium, rhubarb, aromatic herbs (sage, dill, chamomile, thyme)
  • Avoid growing close to: Climbing (pole) beans, tomato, peppers (chili, capsicum), eggplant (aubergine), strawberry, mustard, parsnip
  • Cabbage
  • Winter cabbage

There are many varieties of cabbage.

Those which stand winter weather usually have darker leaves and a stronger flavour, e.g. Savoy Red cabbage is grown in a similar way to green varieties.

If you choose a selection of types you can have cabbage growing all year round in temperate zones.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cabbage

Young spring cabbage can be chopped and added to salad greens.
Steaming preserves the goodness and flavour of cabbage.
Can also be used in stir-fry.
Red cabbage chopped and cooked with brown sugar, red wine, onions, vinegar and stock is served with boiled bacon or pork.

Your comments and tips

23 Feb 20, Rsshied (South Africa - Semi-arid climate)
Good day. I am growing cabbages,i planted it from the tray that i got form Stodels. I planted it in 1 December 2019 and its heads are looking very small. What should i feed the cabbages with. Thank you.
24 Feb 20, Another gardener (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
If planted 1st DEC then they are about 12 weeks old. It says 11-15 weeks. It would depend what kind of cabbage you planted. A small kind or large variety. I grew red cabbage that are suppose to grow to 2-3kg but only grew to the size of small rock melon. You need some nitrogen fertiliser. N is for leaf growth, P for root development and K is for flowering and fruit growth. You should apply these before you plant generally. Too much N and you will have too much leaf. A handful of general fertiliser will cover about 1 square meter. Or place about 2 tablespoons of general fertiliser in 9 l of water and let it sit for a few hours, give a good stir and apply to the plants. It may be a bit late to do too much with your cabbage. Give it a go though.
06 Jan 20, Ian (New Zealand - temperate climate)
I have used, for the first time, garden domes from the ware house. At last I don't have to spray for white butterfly. The domes let nothing in due to the mesh size. Bees can get in but find it hard to get out. So I now have four of these domes. Snails, birds, you name it. Nothing can get in.
22 Dec 19, Lea (Australia - temperate climate)
Sorry correction what bug or virus can affect a cabbage
27 Dec 19, anon (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
I think the white cabbage moth is the main problem. Bugs and moths etc. are more prevalent when there is rain. So you would be checking the plants more often after rain. Research on the internet for more info on bugs etc. and for natural sprays. In warm/hot climates best time to grow cabbage is late summer to early spring.
22 Dec 19, Lea (Australia - temperate climate)
Can affect a cabbage and how can they be treated naturally
29 Aug 19, Glenn (Australia - temperate climate)
What PH level is best suited for cabbages do they like a bit of wood ash. Thank you.
30 Aug 19, anon (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Google it.
29 Aug 19, Stephan (Australia - tropical climate)
I would like to find if there are variety of red/purple cabbage suited for tropical climates. I currently plant green cabbage and they firm nice heads. If there red/purple cabbage suited or can be planted in tropics
29 Aug 19, anon (Australia - tropical climate)
Most plants can be sown in the tropics, you just have a narrow time to plant - so the crop grows in the cooler time of the year. Try Boondie Seeds they have some red varieties.
Showing 1 - 10 of 166 comments

Most plants can be sown in the tropics, you just have a narrow time to plant - so the crop grows in the cooler time of the year. Try Boondie Seeds they have some red varieties.

- anon

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. GardenGrow is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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