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Growing Garlic

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
        P P            

(Best months for growing Garlic in New Zealand - cool/mountain regions)

P = Plant cloves

  • Easy to grow. Plant cloves. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 4 - 5 inches apart
  • Harvest in 17-25 weeks.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Beets, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Tomatoes, Parsnips
  • Avoid growing close to: Asparagus, Beans, Brassicas, Peas, Potatoes
  • Almost ready to harvest
  • Garlic cloves
  • Young garlic shoots

Garlic is traditionally planted in cold weather and harvested in summer ("plant on the shortest day, harvest on the longest"). Plant the cloves (separated from the bulb), point upwards, deep enough to just cover with soil. A fairly tough and easy-growing plant but in better soil with regular watering you will get a better crop. On poorer soil, and forgetting to water them, you will still get some garlic, only not quite so much, maybe just a single large bulb.

Leave a garlic to go to seed, and you will probably get plenty of self-sown plants the following year.

To keep for later use, dig up and leave to dry out for a day or so after the green shoots die down. To use immediately, pull up a head when you need it, or cut and use the green shoots.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Garlic

Cut the growing shoots or use the entire young garlic plants as 'garlic greens' in stir-fry.

Your comments and tips

20 Aug 19, El Perro Loco (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
Garlic - Brisbane - Sub-tropical. Due to circumstances I planted garlic very late April. 60 cloves and a brilliant strike. Now - I have a sparse scattering of remaining plants. The majority got to about 200 mm (6 inches) high then just turned yellow and died. The remaining ones (probably 10) are as healthy as, look like I will get some great cloves and are spread across the garden in no discernible pattern. Any suggestions of hints?
18 Jul 19, Maria (Australia - tropical climate)
Can I grow Garlic in Cairns Qld. And if so, what is best type and when to plant?
19 Jul 19, (Australia - tropical climate)
Pay attention to the top of the page - it tells you whether you can grow it and when to plant in your climate zone - that is what this web site is for - self help. Look up the internet to see what varieties grow best in the tropics or just plant some and see what happens.
13 Jul 19, Sam (Australia - temperate climate)
It's mid July and my garlic for planting only just arrived... I am in Canberra. Is it a waste to try planting them now? It's still very cold here for another month at least.
15 Jul 19, (Australia - temperate climate)
They should do alright - maybe not so big a bulb. Read the notes and plant earlier next year.
02 Jul 19, Bea (USA - Zone 9a climate)
Best type of garlic for Vegas, 9A.
14 Jun 19, James Agius (Australia - temperate climate)
thanks for the advise james
14 Jun 19, Jill (New Zealand - temperate climate)
I have an 8cm tray. Would this be deep enough to grow garlic in?
18 Jun 19, (New Zealand - temperate climate)
If you want to check it 3 times a day to see if the soil is moist enough.
23 Jun 19, Meredith Wardlaw (Australia - arid climate)
What is the best way to test if moist enough?
Showing 1 - 10 of 616 comments

They should do alright - maybe not so big a bulb. Read the notes and plant earlier next year.

- Anonymous

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. GardenGrow is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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